Poles Abroad

By Robert Strybel, Warsaw Correspondent

An estimated 2.3 million Poles are now working abroad as migrants. As a result, Poland’s true population has dropped from over 38 million at the start of the century to around 36 million at present. Numbers show the most working abroad in Britain (685,000), Germany (614,000), Ireland (113,000), Norway (79,000), France (63,000) and Sweden (43,000). Large-scale emigration began after Poland joined the European Union and successive countries opened their job markets to Central East European newcomers. It remains unknown how many of the Polish migrants have put down permanent roots abroad and how many intend to return to Poland.